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Kremlevskaya Street

Introduction

Kremlin Street – is one of the oldest and aristocratic streets of the historical center of Kazan. Walking along the street, you would see many striking architectural buildings, like: Kazan Federal University, the National Library of the Republic of Tatarstan (Ushkova House), Alexandrov and Chernoyarov Passages, the National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan, Lobachevsky Square and many other bright sights. This street is the pride of city residents and an object of admiration among tourists.

 

Historical reference

Main sights

Kazan Federal University

National Library of the Republic of Tatarstan (Ushkova House)

Alexandrov Passage

Chernoyarov Passage

 National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan

The May 1st Square

Spasskaya Tower

Musa Dzhalil Monument

 Excursions

 

Historical reference

Kremlin Street, with a length of just over a kilometer, begins at the main building of the Kazan Federal University and ends at the Kremlin. Throughout its long history, the street has changed several names. The original name was Spasskaya (after one of the Kremlin towers). Since the end of the 17th century, it was called Voskresenskaya by the name of the Resurrection Church of 1671 (has not survived to this day). Since 1917 it has been Chernyshevsky Street, and from 1960 – Lenin. Since 1996 the street holds its modern name.

At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, then street was the main transport center of the city – a horse-drawn tram operated here, later it was replaced by an electric tram. Currently, minibus number 98 runs along the street.

 

Main sights

Kremlin Street is literally imbued with the atmosphere of the past. Its attractions undoubtedly deserve special attention. Read more about unique architectural monuments below.

 

Kazan Federal University

The history of university dates back to 1804. Located in the historical center of Kazan, it is one of the oldest universities in Russia. For more than two centuries, it has managed to become one of the leading scientific and cultural centers. A number of outstanding discoveries and achievements, such as the creation of the theory of the structure of organic compounds by A.M. Butlerov, the discovery of the chemical element of Ruthenium by K.K. Klaus, the creation of non-Euclidean geometry by N.I. Lobachevsky and discovery of electron paramagnetic resonance by E.K. Zavoisky and others were made here.

In its architectural ensemble, the university is considered as the most important urban development site of Kazan, a striking architectural monument of the early 19th century in the spirit of Russian classicism. The most turbulent stage in the history of the university falls on the imperial period, when during the years of the rectorship of N.I. Lobachevsky, the architect M.P. Korinfsky built the main infrastructure facilities: an anatomical theater, buildings of the chemical laboratory, a library and an astronomical observatory. The university, located on the picturesque Kremlin Street, is a popular tourist attraction of the city.

Kazan Federal University

This is the main state book depository of the Republic of Tatarstan; the richest collection of the library includes more than 3 million items. A vivid landmark of the city is located on Kremlin Street, opposite Kazan Federal University.

The museum is housed in a well-known historical mansion – Ushkova house, the history of which is quite interesting and romantic. The house was built in 1908 by the famous architect Karl Mufke, as a wedding gift from the prominent merchant Pyotr Ushkov to his bride Zinaida. This masterpiece of architecture combines the Baroque and Empire styles. The interior is decorated with special luxury; the grotto hall with its aquarium with shells, stones and a fountain in the form of a fairy tale fish is especially famous.

Alexandrov passage

The pastel rose coloured grand mansion is one of the most beautiful sights of Kazan. This historical building was built at the end of the 19th century by order of the wealthy merchant Alexandrov as a tenement house. Once the building housed fashionable shops, a restaurant and citizens of the city specially came here to see the latest achievements of science and technology: bright electric lighting, air heating, elevators and telephones – in those days the mansion was considered very modern. Then the building was sold, and soon re-opened as a science museum. Later it housed numerous workshops, a newspaper editorial space, workshops, and retail shops. Exhausted by many changes- the part of the mansion collapsed.

Chernoyarov passage

This is another beautiful sight with interesting architecture. It is considered as one of the most mysterious buildings in the city. The passage was built as the profit house of merchant A. Chernoyarov in the early 20th century in an eclectic style with elements of Baroque and Art Nouveau. The architect of the building was Heinrich Rush. As a mason, he decorated the building with elements of the symbolism of a secret society: pelicans – as the law of high harmony, the image of snakes on the shield – wisdom. The main entrance is highlighted by a wide stone staircase and an extensive metal balcony (now lost).

Interesting, that Kazan was the only city in the Russian Empire, after Moscow and St. Petersburg, where there were two passages – Chernoyarov and Alexandrov passages.

 

National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan

It is a leading museum center in Tatarstan and one of the largest cultural and historical centers in the Volga region. The National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan is located in the very center of the city, opposite the Kremlin. It occupies the building of the former “Gostiny Dvor”, which is a monument of architecture and history of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tatarstan.

The museum  has a wealthy collection of over 910,000 units of real historical exhibits, archaeological collections as well as a unique ethnographic collection. Here you can get acquainted with all periods of the history of Tatarstan: from the Stone Age to modern history. Among interesting exhibits is the gilded carriage of Empress Catherine the Great.

The May 1st Square

The square in front of the Kremlin is one of the oldest in the city. Known at least from the 16th century – it is a witness of all the important events of Kazan. The Volga with its steep and picturesque right bank is clearly visible from the hill where the squire stands. Such important architectural sights as the National Museum (formerly – Gostiny Dvor) and the complex of buildings of the City Hall and the City Duma are located on the May 1st Square.

Spasskaya Tower

This is the main architectural symbol and the main entrance to the Kazan Kremlin museum-reserve, added to the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The white stone tower was built in the 16th century, a few years after the capture of Kazan by the troops of Ivan the Terrible. The work was led by well-known Pskov masters – architects of the Moscow Saint Basil’s Cathedral. In the 18th century, a clock with a battle was installed on the tower. During the watch, special equipment paints the white walls in raspberry color. The Spasskaya Tower, like all the walls and buildings of the Kazan Kremlin, is beautifully illuminated at night.

Musa Dzhalil Monument

A bronze monument to Musa Dzhalil – the hero of the Tatar people, who was executed in a Nazi prison a year before the end of the war, was erected in 1966. There monument is located on the May 1st Square, opposite the Kazan Kremlin and the National Library.

The national hero is portrayed in a fierce impulse,trying to free himself from the barbed wire that fetters his movement. Musa Dzhalil gaze is decisive, his head is proudly raised- this shows his unquenchable power, heroism, strength. The poet did not stop creating even as a prisoner. There, in the Moabit prison, Dzhalil wrote his famous poems on small scraps of paper, Later his work, known as  the “Moabit Notebook” was translated into more than 60 languages.

Excursions

You can see the bright sights of the street during a walking tour along the Kremlin Street.